Height: up to 12m high
Winter buds: buds can be green or red/brown, egg shaped with brown edged scales
Leaves: simple, nearly circular leaves with point, and heart shaped base, double toothed, hairy.
Flowers: male flowers are hanging catkins which start green then expand and turn yellow with pollen, female flowers look like buds with red styles.
Fruit: brown shelled nuts in a green toothed cup.
Distribution: widespread, found in hedgerows and woodlands. Often coppiced.